Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder that occurs in approximately 1 in 3000 births.
It is characterised by multiple cafe-au-lait birthmarks and neruofibromas (small benign growths on nerves) under the skin.
The majority of patients with NF1 have mild symptoms.
The role of the doctor in managing patients with NF1 is to monitor for complication including learning and attention difficulties, tumours of the optic (eye) nerve, scoliosis, enlarging plexiform neurofibromas (larger tumours on nerves), early puberty and hypertension.
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